Trade performance

Summary of the Port of Melbourne’s trade performance in 2019-20

Cargo typeThroughput 2019-20% change on 2018-19
Total trade91.4 million revenue tonnes-5.8%
Containers (TEU)2.88 million TEU-4.6%
New motor vehicles3.6 million revenue tonnes
(253,604 units)
-18.8%
Liquid bulk6.1 million revenue tonnes-6.8%
Dry bulk4.1 million revenue tonnes+1.8%
Breakbulk6.3 million revenue tonnes-21.0%

More detail for 2019-20
Total trade

Container trade

Non-container trade

Motor vehicles

Liquid bulk

Dry bulk

Total trade

Total trade through the Port of Melbourne decreased by 5.8% over the previous financial year to 91.4 million revenue tonnes. Total imports decreased 5.7% to 52.7 million revenue tonnes and total exports decreased by 6.0% to 38.7 million revenue tonnes.

Overseas imports decreased 6.9% to 41.7 million revenue tonnes and overseas exports decreased by 7.0% to 28.7 million revenue tonnes.

Coastal imports decreased by 0.9% to 11.0 million revenue tonnes and coastal exports declined 3.2% to 10.1 million revenue tonnes.

Container trade

Total container throughput for the 2019-20 financial year was 2.88 million TEU. After exceeding three million TEU for the first time ever last financial year, the FY20 annual throughput represented a 4.6% decline from the 3.02 million TEU recorded in FY19. Full container imports were down 4.4% and full container exports declined 3.3%. Empty container movements decreased by 6.5% to 678,000 TEU.

New motor vehicles

New motor vehicle trade declined 18.8% in FY20 to 3.6 revenue million tonnes, which equated to 253,604 units. Imports decreased 19.4% and exports decreased 11.4%.

Liquid bulk

Liquid bulk declined 6.8% to 6.1 million revenue tonnes (5.0 million mass tonnes), with crude oil and petroleum product imports accounting for 84% of the total FY20 liquid bulk trade.  A 10 week long maintenance shutdown of the Mobil Altona refinery in late 2019 and a reduction in demand for some petroleum products due to COVID-19 related travel restrictions were the main reason for the annual decline.

Dry bulk

Dry bulk trade was the only cargo type to record a positive result for FY20, increasing 1.8% over FY19 to 4.1 million revenue tonnes (4.1 million mass tonnes). The import sector was relatively stable, increasing just 0.7% to 4.0 million revenue tonnes, with volumes of cement, slag, fly ash and gypsum similar to FY19 levels. Exports increased 65.6% to 118,000 revenue tonnes due to increased shipments of wheat and barley as a result of a better FY20 winter grain harvest.